„I think the negotiations with the United States have de facto failed, although no one really admits it,“ German television quoted the minister as saying, according to a written copy of an interview broadcast on August 28, 2016. „[They] failed because we Europeans didn`t want to submit to American demands.“  Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) is an instrument that allows an investor to take legal action directly against the country where the investment takes place without the need for the government of the investor`s home country to intervene.  Since the late 1980s, some trade agreements have included ISDS provisions that allow foreign investors who claim to have been disadvantaged by actions of a signatory state to sue that state before an arbitral tribunal for damages. These claims in number and value have recently increased and some States have become increasingly resistant to these clauses.  In early 2013, Canadian media observers speculated that the opening of TTIP talks would pressure Canada to ratify its own three-year FTA negotiations with the EU by the end of 2013.  Countries with customs agreements with the EU, such as Turkey, could face the prospect of opening their markets to US products without access to their own products without a separate agreement with the US.  Several groups have reported on the proposed agreement, including: in 2019, the volume of trade between the EU and Australia amounted to more than €53 billion, with a trade surplus of nearly €18 billion in favour of the European Union. . .