Das World Economic Forum hat nicht nur wieder eine umfangreiche Studie vorgelegt (“The Future of Jobs 2018”, 147 S.). Es hat dankenswerterweise daraus auch fünf verdauliche Thesen extrahiert, in denen Kompetenzen und Lernen eine zentrale Rolle spielen:
1. Automation, robotization and digitization look different across different industries
2. There is a net positive outlook for jobs – amid significant job disruption
3. The division of labour between humans, machines and algorithms is shifting fast
4. New tasks at work are driving demand for new skills
“Skills growing in prominence include analytical thinking and active learning as well as skills such as technology design, highlighting the growing demand for various forms of technology competency. However, proficiency in new technologies is only one part of the 2022 skills equation.
“Human” skills such as creativity, originality and initiative, critical thinking, persuasion and negotiation will likewise retain or increase their value, as will attention to detail, resilience, flexibility and complex problem-solving. Emotional intelligence, leadership and social influence as well as service orientation are also set to see particular increase in demand relative to their current prominence today.”
5. We will all need to become lifelong learners
“On average, employees will need 101 days of retraining and upskilling in the period up to 2022.”
Okay, die Aussagen sind natürlich ein Blick in die Glaskugel (“net positive outlook for jobs”) und grobkörnig (“101 days of retraining and upskilling”). Aber sie bieten einen guten Startpunkt für weitere Diskussionen, Ableitungen und Handlungsempfehlungen.
Vesselina Stefanova Ratcheva und Till Leopold, World Economic Forum, 17. September 2018