George Siemens beschreibt sein Unbehagen am gegenwärtigen Stand der lerntheoretischen Diskussion, fordert einen Neuansatz und gibt ihm eine erste Richtung und einen Namen: „Connectivism“. Im einzelnen sehen diese Schritte wie folgt aus:
1. „Limitations of Behaviorism, Cognitivism, and Constructivism
A central tenet of most learning theories is that learning occurs inside a person. Even social constructivist views, which hold that learning is a socially enacted process, promotes the principality of the individual (and her/his physical presence – i.e. brain-based) in learning. These theories do not address learning that occurs outside of people (i.e. learning that is stored and manipulated by technology). They also fail to describe how learning happens within organizations.“
2. „Many important questions are raised when established learning theories are seen through technology. The natural attempt of theorists is to continue to revise and evolve theories as conditions change. At some point, however, the underlying conditions have altered so significantly, that further modification is no longer sensible. An entirely new approach is needed.“
3. „Principles of connectivism:
– Learning and knowledge rests in diversity of opinions.
– Learning is a process of connecting specialized nodes or information sources.
– Learning may reside in non-human appliances.
– Capacity to know more is more critical than what is currently known
– Nurturing and maintaining connections is needed to facilitate continual learning.
– Ability to see connections between fields, ideas, and concepts is a core skill.
– Currency (accurate, up-to-date knowledge) is the intent of all connectivist learning activities.
– Decision-making is itself a learning process. Choosing what to learn and the meaning of incoming information is seen through the lens of a shifting reality. While there is a right answer now, it may be wrong tomorrow due to alterations in the information climate affecting the decision.“
Hochinteressant, und ich bin gespannt, wie die Diskussion weiterläuft!
George Siemens, elearnspace, 12 Dezember 2004