Jochen Robes über Bildung, Lernen und Trends

The Future of e-Learning Models and the Language We Use to Describe Them

Ich hatte es schon seit einigen Tagen vor mir liegen, ein Interview, das Stephen Downes vor einigen Wochen mit Mark Oehlert geführt hat. Nach der endlich erfolgten Lektüre muss ich sagen: Es ist eines der spannendsten und visionärsten Papiere über das Lernen in der Informationsgesellschaft, das ich seit langem gelesen habe!! Stephen Downes ist Senior Research Officer am National Research Council in Kanada, und er bleibt in diesem Interview (26 Seiten!) keine Antwort schuldig. Im Mittelpunkt seiner Ausführungen – und nicht nur in diesem Interview – steht die Überzeugung, dass sich Lernen zukünftig weniger in festen Strukturen (Kursen, Programmen, Bildungsinstitutionen) als vielmehr in offenen Learning Environments abspielen wird, in denen Menschen das lernen, was sie wollen und wann und wo sie wollen. Hier spielt das Internet, weniger e-Learning, wie wir es kennen, die entscheidende Rolle. Aber das ist sehr verkürzt und wird dem Original nicht gerecht …
Stephen Downes, November 2003
[Kategorien: Trends in der Weiterbildung, e-learning]

Ein Ausschnitt:
„Online learning is the key to this [a society where knowledge and learning are public goods, freely created and shared, JR], a necessary (though not sufficient) condition. Online learning, as opposed to traditional learning, because it offers the potential to transcend what has historically been a learning shortage in society. Learning is what frees people: learning, and not armies and constitutions and diplomats. Learning, because once a person has reached a certain level of self-actualization, it becomes impossible to enslave that person, it becomes impossible to manipulate him, it becomes impossible to control them. Power, even raw, naked force, has no impact on the non-consenting, at least, not on a society-wide level.

What makes the internet – a free and open internet, not a channelized world of Disneyfied offerings – so key and so crucial is that we can learn from each other. If you look at the billions of pages on the World Wide Web, what you see is a spontaneous and massive uprising of a world of people passionately teaching each other and learning from each other. Look at this interview, conducted between two people in different countries who have never met: we are both (I hope) learning from this exchange, and the product will in turn allow others to learn.

Jay Cross, among others, talks about informal learning and how important it is. But possibly even he underestimates its importance. The internet in general and online in particular (though not the institutionalized sterilized stage-managed variety) has created a global learning culture. If – and the outcome here is not yet certain – we can enlarge and entrench a free and open internet for the peoples of the world, no force on earth will be able to prevent a mass enlightenment from taking place, and while it is true that even on the internet you see extremes, what you see in general is this massive, good-natured and peaceful dialogue going on.“